Blood pressure defined
Blood pressure refers to the actual pressure of the blood that hits the walls of arteries or blood vessels as the distribution process is being carried to the different parts of the body. The upper number is known as the systolic pressure and the lower number represents the diastolic pressure. Usually, a normal blood pressure is 120/80 for m the majority of people or lesser is still acceptable.
The Need to Monitor BP
Taking and monitoring blood pressure at home is necessary especially if someone is suffering from
hypertension (high blood pressure) or a hypotension (low blood pressure). High blood pressure can be
associated to certain serious diseases such as stroke, heart attacks or a possible kidney trouble. On the
other hand, a low blood pressure can make you dizzy and can even allow you to faint and pass out. This
is usually experienced when you hurriedly stood up for instance.
It is relevant to take some medications to maintain a normal blood pressure. A nurse, caregiver or
somebody trusted at home can help facilitate a blood pressure reading and evaluate if the prescriptions
are working effectively. Be sure to inform them what the exact number of your blood pressure should
Steps in taking BP
A digital BP monitor can be used in taking your blood pressure. Usually, a manual or instructions comes
with this equipment. You need to read it carefully to fully understand the procedure.
• Before taking your BP however, you need to sit down and rest for a couple of minutes. Work on
a flat surface as a support and extend your arm. It is important that your arm and heart is in the
same level. Place feet flatly on the floor.
• The BP monitor includes a built-in pump that puffs up the cuffs. You need to place the cuff
approximately 2.5 cm just above the elbow and wrap the cuff carefully around the arm. A loose
cuff makes inaccurate blood pressure readings.
• Simply turn on the monitor and follow the manual accurately.
• Take down the BP readings, date and the time. Also note which arm you took the BP.
• Take BP at least two times and don’t forget to list down the results. Allow a one minute interval
in between readings.
• Lastly, allow the air out from the cuff, turn the monitor off and BP cuff.
The next time you visit your doctor, do not forget to bring with you the list of the BP readings you had
for the week. This will help your physician in his diagnosis of your physical conditions and can therefore
give a more appropriate medication if there is a need to do so.
These steps should be followed up religiously in case there is a severe case of hyper or hypotension.
Failure to monitor your blood pressure can lead to more serious problems that can be life threatening
too. It pays to be vigilant of your health situation before it is too late.